What are the gastrointestinal (GI) related symptoms of crohn’s disease?

Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms include:

  • Severe abdominal (belly) cramp
  • Rectal tenesmus (pain and involuntary straining to discharge stool from body accompanied by a feeling of incomplete evacuation of bowels)
  • Diarrhea sometimes with blood
  • Rectal pain and rectal bleeding
  • Flatulence (excessive gas in intestine and stomach)
  • Intestinal strenosis or bowel obstruction (prevention of normal movement of digested products)
  • Malabsorption (insufficient absorption of nutrients from small intestine)
  • Fistulas (abnormal tube-like passage connecting one organ or intestine with another structure)
  • Anal fissures (painful ulcer sore)
  • Bloating (abnormal swelling of abdominal region)
  • Aphthous ulcer (small ulcer of the mouth) accompanied by dysphagia (difficulty in swallowing)

Crohn’s disease symptoms and complications of mouth

Manifestations of tissues of mouth in Crones is quite common and progress to develop into ulcers (painful sores) if treatment of the disease is not undertaken.

Aphthous Stomatitis:

It is a type of a mouth sore (ulcer) and is also called “canker” sore or aphthous ulcer. It is painful and occurs under the tongue, around the gums inside the cheeks and lips and also on ceiling of mouth and below the throat. At first it looks like a whitish or yellowish oval shaped swelled region with red lining and later it erupts and causes deep ulcers. Comparatively occurs more in females than males.

Pyodermatitis-pyostomatitis vegetans (PDPSV):

Rarely seen in Crohn’s patients. It is an annular (ring-shaped, circular), intraoral (within the mouth) painful postulate (small,elevated infected tissue containing white blood cells, bacteria and cell debris) rupturing skin disorder. Inside the mouth the postulates enlarge, thicken and create a cobblestone appearance. Also occur in the folding of skin such as eyelids, armpits and groin. Less commonly occur in the skin of face and trunk (head and limb). Males mostly have this than females.